What is ICANN?

What is ICANN and Its Role in Web3

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) operates as the backbone of the digital domain, ensuring that the internet remains an accessible and unified space for global communication.

This non-profit organization plays a critical role in the management of domain names and IP addresses, which are essential for the operation of the internet.

By overseeing the distribution and organization of these resources, ICANN helps maintain the internet as a stable and reliable network, enabling seamless connectivity across the globe.

Through its commitment to maintaining an open and interoperable internet, ICANN not only supports the technical underpinnings of the digital world but also fosters its growth and evolution.

The Origins of ICANN

ICANN was established in 1998, in response to the need for a dedicated organization to oversee the internet’s growing infrastructure. Its formation marked a significant transition in internet governance, from a largely U.S. government-controlled model to a more decentralized, multistakeholder approach. This shift reflected the internet’s evolution into a global network, necessitating governance that involved a broader spectrum of international stakeholders.

ICANN’s Mission and Principles

ICANN’s mission is to ensure a stable, secure, and unified global internet. To achieve this, it focuses on coordinating the allocation and maintenance of unique identifiers, such as domain names and IP addresses. Through its multistakeholder model, ICANN incorporates input from governments, private sector, civil society, and academic institutions, ensuring that internet governance remains inclusive and representative of the global internet community.

How ICANN Works

The Structure of ICANN

ICANN’s organizational structure is designed to ensure broad participation and representation. It includes various supporting organizations and advisory committees, each focused on different aspects of internet governance, such as the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) and the Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO). This structure facilitates collaboration among stakeholders from diverse backgrounds, enhancing the decision-making process.

The Role of ICANN in Internet Governance

ICANN’s role extends beyond the technical management of the internet’s system of unique identifiers. It also involves policy development related to the internet’s infrastructure, ensuring that these policies support the global internet’s growth and stability. Through its governance model, ICANN addresses complex issues that affect the internet, including privacy, security, and the introduction of new top-level domains.

Key Functions of ICANN

Domain Name System (DNS) Management

ICANN is responsible for overseeing the DNS, which translates human-friendly domain names into IP addresses that computers use to communicate. By coordinating the operation of the DNS, ICANN ensures that users can find websites on the internet efficiently and reliably.

IP Address Allocation

ICANN also plays a key role in allocating IP addresses, the numerical labels assigned to devices connected to the internet. Through its Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), ICANN distributes IP addresses, ensuring their efficient use and helping maintain the internet’s operational stability.

Protocol Parameter Assignment

In addition to domain names and IP addresses, ICANN coordinates the assignment of protocol parameters. These technical settings are essential for the interoperability of internet-connected systems, enabling diverse hardware and software to communicate effectively.

ICANN’s Global Impact

Enhancing Global Internet Stability

ICANN’s work ensures that the internet remains a stable and consistent platform for communication and innovation. By managing the internet’s system of unique identifiers, ICANN supports the technical infrastructure that underpins the global economy, education, and social interaction.

Promoting Competition and Choice in Domain Registration

ICANN’s policies have facilitated a competitive environment for domain registration, increasing choice and reducing costs for consumers. By introducing new top-level domains, ICANN has expanded the domain name space, allowing for more personalized and meaningful web addresses.

Challenges Facing ICANN

Policy Development and Implementation

As the internet continues to evolve, ICANN faces challenges in developing and implementing policies that address emerging issues, such as cybersecurity threats and the impact of new technologies on the DNS.

Security and Stability of the Internet

Ensuring the security and stability of the internet’s infrastructure is an ongoing challenge for ICANN. The organization must constantly adapt to threats and vulnerabilities that could undermine the DNS and the broader internet ecosystem.

Internationalization and Multilingualism

ICANN also strives to make the internet more inclusive by supporting internationalized domain names, which allow for domain names in non-Latin scripts. This effort is crucial for ensuring that the global internet reflects the linguistic diversity of its users.

ICANN in the Age of Web3

ICANN’s role in orchestrating the Domain Name System (DNS) and allocating IP addresses has underpinned the internet’s development, ensuring a stable and interconnected global network.

Traditionally, this centralized management has facilitated the orderly growth of the internet, but the rise of Web3 signals a transformative shift toward a decentralized framework.

Web3, often termed as the next evolutionary phase of the internet, aims to establish a user-centric web, empowering individuals with unparalleled control over their digital identities, assets, and data through blockchain technology and decentralized protocols.

This new paradigm of Web3 reimagines the internet’s infrastructure, prioritizing transparency, security, and user sovereignty. In this new model, blockchain-based domains and decentralized identity systems propose alternatives to ICANN’s DNS and IP address management, challenging the existing centralized mechanisms.

The decentralized nature of Web3, where authority and governance are distributed across the network, raises critical questions about the adaptability of ICANN’s governance and regulatory frameworks.

The integration of smart contracts and decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) offers a new approach to governance and interaction online, further diverging from traditional models overseen by entities like ICANN.

As these technologies gain traction, they could redefine how digital spaces are accessed, governed, and secured, potentially diminishing ICANN’s central role in internet governance.

To navigate this shift, ICANN may need to explore innovative governance models that align with Web3’s decentralized ethos. This could involve adopting blockchain technologies for DNS security enhancements or collaborating with decentralized networks to ensure a cohesive and secure global internet infrastructure.

The challenge for ICANN lies in balancing its foundational principles of stability and security with the dynamic, user-driven landscape of Web3.

Engaging with the Web3 community, understanding decentralized technologies, and possibly integrating these innovations into its frameworks might be crucial steps for ICANN to remain relevant and effective in this rapidly evolving digital age.

ICANN’s willingness to evolve and adapt will be instrumental in shaping the future of internet governance. The transition to Web3 offers an opportunity for ICANN to redefine its role, not as a central authority, but as a facilitator of a more resilient, secure, and user-empowered internet.

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How does it work?

Accordingly to the day when you will finalise your purchase, you have the right to receive from 1 to 3 NFT Domains for FREE!

Once you have completed your order, within 48h you will automatically receive on www.freename.io platform, in your personal area “portfolio” the randomly assigned NFT Domain/s.

You can chose on which blockchain you want to mint on and minting fee is covered by Freename!


Once you have added your favorite items to the cart, you proceed to “checkout” and add your coupon to the “coupon box”.

Said coupon will instantly do its magic and your due total will drop!


How does it work?

Once you have completed your order, you will automatically receive on www.freename.io platform, in your personal area “portfolio” the randomly assigned NFT Domain value $50 or if you’re lucky a randomly assigned TLD with value $699 (between these: .immersive; .multiverse; .freelancer; .cashback; .hologram)

you can chose on which blockchain you want to mint your NFT Domain/TLD on and minting fee is covered by Freename!


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Why do i Need a Wallet?

Freename domains are blockchain-based assets and would be minted and stored using a wallet. Users are required to mint and manage their domains using a Metamask or Coinbase-configured wallet. It must be a non-custodial wallet, meaning that one must own the private keys to the wallet in order to approve transactions via a signature.

To benefit from Freename Web 3 domains/TLDs, you must have a wallet. This is because Web 3 domains/TLDs are blockchain-based assets. Users can mint and manage their domains using Metamask or Coinbase-configured wallets.

Keep in mind that it must be a non-custodial wallet. You own the private keys to the wallet (in order to approve transactions via a signature).

Are the Domains Associated with ICANN?

ICANN does not manage freename.io domains. Freename.io believes their TLDs/domains must allow customers to operate independently. Freename.io wants to build a utility infrastructure, allowing customers to use their services for valuable and generative purposes. By leveraging blockchain technology, Freename Web 3 domains/TLDs have no centralized authority imposing rules and regulations.

What is a Wallet?

Every blockchain user requires a wallet in order to interact with the network. A wallet is essentially an account on the blockchain where transactions can be sent and received. It is also where one can store blockchain assets such as cryptocurrency or NFTs (non-fungible tokens). There is no personal information associated with a wallet and none is required to create one. A wallet consists of a public key and a private key. The public key can be safely shared with anyone who wishes to send assets to the corresponding wallet, however, the private key should not be shared and is the key to accessing the wallet in the event where access is lost or to create another instance.

A crypto wallet (cryptocurrency wallet) is software or hardware that enables users to store and use cryptocurrency. With cryptocurrencies, there isn’t any actual money to carry around in a wallet. They exist on the blockchain. Similarly to traditional bank transfers, crypto wallets enable users to send and receive cryptocurrencies, NFTs, etc.

A wallet consists of a public key and a private key. To receive assets, you share your public key associated with your wallet. You should NEVER share your private key.

How do i Claim my Earnings from Freename

ou can withdraw revenues generated passively through a cryptocurrency transfer. Connect your cryptocurrency wallet and, once your withdrawal request is confirmed, the desired amount is pulled from Freename’s reserves and conveniently delivered to you!

Claim your earnings by following these steps:

  1. Connect your cryptocurrency wallet to Freename.io
  2. Request a withdrawal
  3. Receive request confirmation
  4. Receive withdrawal directly to your wallet.

Can i Transfer Domains?

Yes. The domain is stored in your cryptocurrency wallet and can be transferred by you after you have minted it. Access your portfolio, select the TLD or Domain you wish to transfer and type the recipient’s address. Afterwards, you must paste the OTP code you received by mail to confirm the transaction. Keep in mind that currently, it is not possible to import the domain that has been transferred, but it will be possible soon!

Yes. Domains are transferable ONLY after a TLD/domain has been minted and stored in a user’s wallet.

To transfer the TLD (or domain), the user must:

  • Access their wallet
  • Select the item they want to transfer
  • Enter the recipient’s address.
  • Confirm the transaction by pasting the OTP received by email

In the future, Freename.io will support importing domains that have been transferred.

What about Trademarks?

Registering a trademark on your Freename Web3 TLD will allow you to protect your web3 TLD and your logo worldwide juridically.

From the moment you deposit a trademark request, your web3 TLD will be protected worldwide for 6 months awaiting for the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IGE.ch) to confirm and register the availability of your TLD.****

A trademark is any symbol, phrase, or word that allows customers to identify a company’s goods or services. Freename is a web3 domain/TLD provider that also provides trademark registration.

A user must reach out to the trademark department to register a trademark. To get your trademark filed for review at the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property, a user must provide the following:

  1. Complete a Know your customer (KYC)
  2. A list of TLDs they wish to trademark
  3. Proof of payment

Once these conditions are met, it takes one week for the trademark to be reviewed and logo/TLDs to be provided with six months of worldwide protection.

Is Minting the same as Buying?

Purchasing a TLD (or domain) on Freename and minting it on the blockchain are two distinct steps. When you purchase a TLD (or domain), the transaction is recorded in Freename’s database and not on the blockchain. Minting a TLD (or domain) on the blockchain requires a second step: log into the user’s personal area, select the TLD (or domain) and press “mint TLD” (or domain): done! Don’t worry, once you have purchased a Freename domain, no one can take it away from you!

No. Buying and Minting a TLD/domain are two different things.**

Buying **is the process of recording a transaction on Freename’s database and not on the blockchain.

Minting is the process of pushing a user’s domain from Freename.io data onto the public ledger of a blockchain and into a user’s wallet. Giving the user full control over the TLD/domain.

It is very easy to mint a domain/TLD once you purchase it. Simply:

  • Log into your personal area
  • Select the TLD (or domain)
  • Press “mint TLD” (or domain)

What is Domain Minting?

Minting is the process of publishing a Freename domain (or TLD) on the blockchain via your wallet to gain full custody of the domain. This means that the only person that has control over the domain (or TLD) is the person who controls (has access to) the wallet.

Minting is the process of pushing a user’s domain from Freename.io data onto the public ledger of a blockchain and into a user’s wallet. Giving the user full ownership over the domain.

Minting on Freename.io is as simple as the following steps:

  1. Go to the Freename.io website
  2. Enter the TLD/domain you want to buy in the search bar
  3. Add the TLD/domain to your cart
  4. Go to checkout
  5. Create a Freename.io account
  6. Purchase the TLD/domain with cryptocurrency or a credit card
  7. Go to “portfolio and incomes.”
  8. Click on mint TLD/domain

Which domains are Protected?

Protected domains and TLDs are domains and TLDs that we’ve detected are associated with a brand, organization, or notable person. We believe it is important to increase adoption for the next generation of the internet by helping to onboard brands into the Web3 era. If you are interested in applying for a Protected domain, please contact us.

TLDs/Domains associated with a notable person, brand or organization are considered Protected Domains. Protected domains help onboard brands in Web 3 increasing adoption. Protected domains also protect users from others impersonating/stealing their domains.

Reach out to Freename.io to apply for a protected domain.

Why use Freename?

Freename domains are unique by their very nature: only with Freename you can register domains with unique TLDs for your digital identity while passively earning money!

Freename.io is not only the leading TLD and Domains platform in Web 3, but also lets users generate passive income!

Owning a Freename Web 3 TLD entitles users to receive passive income whenever a domain is bought on their TLD. Users can register and mint TLD/domains of their choice if available.

What is a Domain?

A domain name is a string of letters and/or numbers that points to the IP address of the corresponding website. Generally, it is easier to remember a name than a long string of numbers.

A domain name is an address that people type into a browser bar to find a website. It consists of a Top-Level Domain (TLD), everything that comes after the dot, and the Second-Level Domain (SLD), everything that comes before the dot.

For example, “Freename.io” is the domain name, “Freename” is the SLD and “io” is the TLD.

Which Chains are Supported?

Freename has a multi-chain approach. You can choose on which Blockchain to mint your Web3 Domains and TLDs ranging Among Polygon, Cronos, and Binance.

A user can mint a Freename.io domain/TLD on the following blockchains:

  • Polygon
  • Cronos
  • Binance

Freename plans to expand its multi-chain approach by adding blockchains upon which domains can be minted.

Are there Renewal Fees?

No! Once you’ve bought a Freename Domain or TLD, it’s yours forever, no renewal fees ever!

No. There are no renewal fees on Freename.io. Once a user has paid a one-time payment for a domain/TLD, they own it. Forever.

This is the significant advantage of Web 3 domain/TLD over traditional alternatives.

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