What's the difference between TLDs and domains?

What’s the difference between TLDs and domains?

One of the major questions on Web3 now is the difference between TLD and Domain. Sooner or later, everybody who wishes to run a website or online store will run into trouble with one of the most basic aspects of doing so: deciding on a suitable domain name.

Domains come in a wide variety of forms, so finding the right one isn’t always as simple as it seems. The second and third-level domains require a special and relevant name. However, a top-level domain (also known as a domain extension) is required. In this article, we’d provide answers to the aforementioned questions. Read on.

What is a domain?

The Internet is a global communications network that connects people and their technical devices. Technology such as the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) stack and the Domain Name System (DNS) enables this.

TCP/IP ensures that each and every computer, mobile device, and web service on the Internet has its own, distinct IP address, such as In order to make these IP addresses more human-friendly, the DNS uses name servers to convert them into friendly domains like www.example.bitcoin. Name resolution refers to the action of determining a given name.

What is TLD?

Top-Level Domains (TLD) are the top tier of name resolution in the Domain Name System (DNS). TLDs are also known as domain extensions since they are always the last part of an address to the right of the final period. The top-level domain (TLD) of the already registered sample domain is .bitcoin for instance. 

What is a Second Level Domain?

The latter is merely a label assigned to your domain for purposes of differentiation.

It must be stressed that the Second Level Domain is special only in reference to a certain Top Level Domain. If no other website can have the same domain name and the same top-level domain (TLD) as www.felix.crypto, then it must be the only website of its kind. Conversely, other domains with the same name but a different top-level address (TLD), such, might be launched simultaneously.

What is Third Level Domain or Subdomain?

When the second-level domain ends at a point, the third-level domain or subdomain comes next to the left. If our domain were of the form www.freename.io.blog, for instance, “blog” would stand for the third level domain. The latter serves the purpose of isolating one area of the site from the rest.

The subdomains need not end at the third level; using the same reasoning, they can expand to include the fourth level, fifth level, and so on subdomains.

Differences between Domain, URL, and website

Although the terms “domain name” and “URL” are commonly used interchangeably, there are important distinctions between the two.

Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) direct users to specific locations on websites. The domain name is included, although this is much more particular. Each website only has one domain name, although there are many unique URLs. There is a unique address, or URL, for every piece of content on the website.

Many people have trouble telling the domain name apart from the actual website. Domain names and the websites that they lead to are two separate entities. While the terms “domain name” and “URL” are commonly used interchangeably, there are important distinctions to be made between them.

URLs, or Uniform Resource Locators, are used to direct users to specific locations on websites. The domain name is included, although this is much more particular. There may only be one domain name for a given website, but there may be many different URLs. There is a unique address (or “URL”) for every piece of content on the website.

Domain names and websites can be confusing to some people. Domain names and the websites that they lead to are two separate entities.

The advantages of the new TLDs

One major benefit of the new TLDs is the reinstatement of shorter names and forms that had previously been prohibited by the older TLDs. Thanks to the availability of these new extensions, we no longer have to resort to confusing acronyms or lengthy word combinations when naming things.

A quick look at the benefits of the new TLDs:

  •       Highest standard among all possible alternatives.
  •       Plugins that highlight the page’s primary purpose.
  •       Combine in significant ways; this is possible.
  •       Extensions of domain names that are based on geographic location.

How to choose the right domain name and domain types?

Finding the right domain name is easier if you are familiar with the various options available and the hierarchical structure of Internet Protocol addresses. You should avoid making the address structure of your web project too confusing, though. To sum up, a domain name should be convenient for both your users and search engines to remember and type in, as well as fit your personal and project goals.

Pick the Right Domain Name Type

There are pros and cons to using subdomains. Users may become lost in the shuffle if your domain name is split into many pieces, especially if the subdomain is located far from the main domain.

Pick a TLD that best describes your domain.

The choice of the domain extension is more than just a financial one; it may have a significant impact on how users and search engines perceive your website if the TLD is inappropriate for the content or purpose of your site. By using the .metaverse top-level domain, for instance, search engines and site visitors will immediately recognize your endeavor as Web3 metaverse inclined.

Ask the Experts

Don’t rush to register the domain name just because you think you’ve chosen the perfect domain extension and name for your site. Inquire about the honest view of people you know about the choices you’re considering. Getting input from outside sources can help you see the website’s functionality in a new light. Get a second opinion to be sure you’re picking the proper domain extension and name.

Why bother with registering a bunch of different TLDs?

In this method, companies may verify that no comparable domains are being used by rivals. Brand protection is not a novel field of practice. Some businesses expend significant effort to prevent anyone from registering domain names that are even tangentially associated with their brand.

Why choose Freename for your TLD?

Freename.io has a TLD that comes with Royalties. You can use the Freename protocol just like a Web2 registrar. The best part is users can earn passively by owning a Web3 TLD that people would want to register their Web3 domain.

As the Web3 domains are being registered, you’d be rewarded with half of the domain registration price. This is a perfect way to have a passive income stream. There are a lot of TLD options like “.airdrop” or “.metaverse”, etc.

You can register your domain on the existing TLD or choose to register a unique TLD that no one else has registered. Registering a new TLD allows you to earn Royalties. You can earn passively via this method by getting up to 50% of all new registers on your registered TLD. It costs a one-time fee of $50 to activate royalties on your unique TLD.


There are a lot of Web3 TLDs like metaverse, .moon, .chain, .airdrop, .young, .free, .xxx, .layer, .hodl, .lambo, and .token which are available on Freename.io.

As earlier said, all kinds of extensions have been created as long as they haven’t already been created. Just ensure you do enough market research to ensure that whatever TLD or domain you might choose suits your purposes.


Start your Web3 journey with Freename TLDs and Domains. Sign up now and get a welcome coupon code of 10$ on your first purchase. 

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How does it work?

Accordingly to the day when you will finalise your purchase, you have the right to receive from 1 to 3 NFT Domains for FREE!

Once you have completed your order, within 48h you will automatically receive on www.freename.io platform, in your personal area “portfolio” the randomly assigned NFT Domain/s.

You can chose on which blockchain you want to mint on and minting fee is covered by Freename!


Once you have added your favorite items to the cart, you proceed to “checkout” and add your coupon to the “coupon box”.

Said coupon will instantly do its magic and your due total will drop!


How does it work?

Once you have completed your order, you will automatically receive on www.freename.io platform, in your personal area “portfolio” the randomly assigned NFT Domain value $50 or if you’re lucky a randomly assigned TLD with value $699 (between these: .immersive; .multiverse; .freelancer; .cashback; .hologram)

you can chose on which blockchain you want to mint your NFT Domain/TLD on and minting fee is covered by Freename!


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Why do i Need a Wallet?

Freename domains are blockchain-based assets and would be minted and stored using a wallet. Users are required to mint and manage their domains using a Metamask or Coinbase-configured wallet. It must be a non-custodial wallet, meaning that one must own the private keys to the wallet in order to approve transactions via a signature.

To benefit from Freename Web 3 domains/TLDs, you must have a wallet. This is because Web 3 domains/TLDs are blockchain-based assets. Users can mint and manage their domains using Metamask or Coinbase-configured wallets.

Keep in mind that it must be a non-custodial wallet. You own the private keys to the wallet (in order to approve transactions via a signature).

Are the Domains Associated with ICANN?

ICANN does not manage freename.io domains. Freename.io believes their TLDs/domains must allow customers to operate independently. Freename.io wants to build a utility infrastructure, allowing customers to use their services for valuable and generative purposes. By leveraging blockchain technology, Freename Web 3 domains/TLDs have no centralized authority imposing rules and regulations.

What is a Wallet?

Every blockchain user requires a wallet in order to interact with the network. A wallet is essentially an account on the blockchain where transactions can be sent and received. It is also where one can store blockchain assets such as cryptocurrency or NFTs (non-fungible tokens). There is no personal information associated with a wallet and none is required to create one. A wallet consists of a public key and a private key. The public key can be safely shared with anyone who wishes to send assets to the corresponding wallet, however, the private key should not be shared and is the key to accessing the wallet in the event where access is lost or to create another instance.

A crypto wallet (cryptocurrency wallet) is software or hardware that enables users to store and use cryptocurrency. With cryptocurrencies, there isn’t any actual money to carry around in a wallet. They exist on the blockchain. Similarly to traditional bank transfers, crypto wallets enable users to send and receive cryptocurrencies, NFTs, etc.

A wallet consists of a public key and a private key. To receive assets, you share your public key associated with your wallet. You should NEVER share your private key.

How do i Claim my Earnings from Freename

ou can withdraw revenues generated passively through a cryptocurrency transfer. Connect your cryptocurrency wallet and, once your withdrawal request is confirmed, the desired amount is pulled from Freename’s reserves and conveniently delivered to you!

Claim your earnings by following these steps:

  1. Connect your cryptocurrency wallet to Freename.io
  2. Request a withdrawal
  3. Receive request confirmation
  4. Receive withdrawal directly to your wallet.

Can i Transfer Domains?

Yes. The domain is stored in your cryptocurrency wallet and can be transferred by you after you have minted it. Access your portfolio, select the TLD or Domain you wish to transfer and type the recipient’s address. Afterwards, you must paste the OTP code you received by mail to confirm the transaction. Keep in mind that currently, it is not possible to import the domain that has been transferred, but it will be possible soon!

Yes. Domains are transferable ONLY after a TLD/domain has been minted and stored in a user’s wallet.

To transfer the TLD (or domain), the user must:

  • Access their wallet
  • Select the item they want to transfer
  • Enter the recipient’s address.
  • Confirm the transaction by pasting the OTP received by email

In the future, Freename.io will support importing domains that have been transferred.

What about Trademarks?

Registering a trademark on your Freename Web3 TLD will allow you to protect your web3 TLD and your logo worldwide juridically.

From the moment you deposit a trademark request, your web3 TLD will be protected worldwide for 6 months awaiting for the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IGE.ch) to confirm and register the availability of your TLD.****

A trademark is any symbol, phrase, or word that allows customers to identify a company’s goods or services. Freename is a web3 domain/TLD provider that also provides trademark registration.

A user must reach out to the trademark department to register a trademark. To get your trademark filed for review at the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property, a user must provide the following:

  1. Complete a Know your customer (KYC)
  2. A list of TLDs they wish to trademark
  3. Proof of payment

Once these conditions are met, it takes one week for the trademark to be reviewed and logo/TLDs to be provided with six months of worldwide protection.

Is Minting the same as Buying?

Purchasing a TLD (or domain) on Freename and minting it on the blockchain are two distinct steps. When you purchase a TLD (or domain), the transaction is recorded in Freename’s database and not on the blockchain. Minting a TLD (or domain) on the blockchain requires a second step: log into the user’s personal area, select the TLD (or domain) and press “mint TLD” (or domain): done! Don’t worry, once you have purchased a Freename domain, no one can take it away from you!

No. Buying and Minting a TLD/domain are two different things.**

Buying **is the process of recording a transaction on Freename’s database and not on the blockchain.

Minting is the process of pushing a user’s domain from Freename.io data onto the public ledger of a blockchain and into a user’s wallet. Giving the user full control over the TLD/domain.

It is very easy to mint a domain/TLD once you purchase it. Simply:

  • Log into your personal area
  • Select the TLD (or domain)
  • Press “mint TLD” (or domain)

What is Domain Minting?

Minting is the process of publishing a Freename domain (or TLD) on the blockchain via your wallet to gain full custody of the domain. This means that the only person that has control over the domain (or TLD) is the person who controls (has access to) the wallet.

Minting is the process of pushing a user’s domain from Freename.io data onto the public ledger of a blockchain and into a user’s wallet. Giving the user full ownership over the domain.

Minting on Freename.io is as simple as the following steps:

  1. Go to the Freename.io website
  2. Enter the TLD/domain you want to buy in the search bar
  3. Add the TLD/domain to your cart
  4. Go to checkout
  5. Create a Freename.io account
  6. Purchase the TLD/domain with cryptocurrency or a credit card
  7. Go to “portfolio and incomes.”
  8. Click on mint TLD/domain

Which domains are Protected?

Protected domains and TLDs are domains and TLDs that we’ve detected are associated with a brand, organization, or notable person. We believe it is important to increase adoption for the next generation of the internet by helping to onboard brands into the Web3 era. If you are interested in applying for a Protected domain, please contact us.

TLDs/Domains associated with a notable person, brand or organization are considered Protected Domains. Protected domains help onboard brands in Web 3 increasing adoption. Protected domains also protect users from others impersonating/stealing their domains.

Reach out to Freename.io to apply for a protected domain.

Why use Freename?

Freename domains are unique by their very nature: only with Freename you can register domains with unique TLDs for your digital identity while passively earning money!

Freename.io is not only the leading TLD and Domains platform in Web 3, but also lets users generate passive income!

Owning a Freename Web 3 TLD entitles users to receive passive income whenever a domain is bought on their TLD. Users can register and mint TLD/domains of their choice if available.

What is a Domain?

A domain name is a string of letters and/or numbers that points to the IP address of the corresponding website. Generally, it is easier to remember a name than a long string of numbers.

A domain name is an address that people type into a browser bar to find a website. It consists of a Top-Level Domain (TLD), everything that comes after the dot, and the Second-Level Domain (SLD), everything that comes before the dot.

For example, “Freename.io” is the domain name, “Freename” is the SLD and “io” is the TLD.

Which Chains are Supported?

Freename has a multi-chain approach. You can choose on which Blockchain to mint your Web3 Domains and TLDs ranging Among Polygon, Cronos, and Binance.

A user can mint a Freename.io domain/TLD on the following blockchains:

  • Polygon
  • Cronos
  • Binance

Freename plans to expand its multi-chain approach by adding blockchains upon which domains can be minted.

Are there Renewal Fees?

No! Once you’ve bought a Freename Domain or TLD, it’s yours forever, no renewal fees ever!

No. There are no renewal fees on Freename.io. Once a user has paid a one-time payment for a domain/TLD, they own it. Forever.

This is the significant advantage of Web 3 domain/TLD over traditional alternatives.

Ask Away!